The Importantance of Ecology Conservation
Ecology conservation is one of the most important aspects in the overall drive to preserve Mother Earth. True, the spotlight has been on global warming for the better part of 15 years and people have been slow to recognize the need to take care of Earth’s ecology but that doesn’t make it any less important. The preservation of biodiversity, both plant and animal life in tandem, is as much a priority as scaling down carbon dioxide emissions in order to arrest the problem before it gets to a point of no return.
For starters, ecology conservation has a more attributable cause than global warming. The debate regarding the relationship between gaseous emissions and global warming is still under way but nobody can argue how misuse of natural resources is causing an unprecedented extinction in animal and plant life around the world. Improper logging practices destroy forest ecosystems that kill many indigenous fauna; bad mining practices also clean out forests and lead to landslides and flooding which in turn kill more animal and plant life; improper fishing methods like dynamite fishing destroys marine habitat and coral reefs that are home to many fish species, and the unregulated hunting of animals for their parts is resulting to a massive problem in terms of controlling animal populations in the wild. There is now an alarming number of once abundant animal life on the list of endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) including many varieties of tigers, wolves, eagles and birds, elephants, the giant panda, the green sea turtle, rhinoceros, monkeys and many others.
The thrust for ecology conservation hinges on the ability of many governments to enforce conservation laws such as banning hunting of endangered or critically endangered species, proper land development practices, the creation of natural parks and preserves to ensure that wildlife continues to have safe habitats to thrive in, and even the creation of conservation centers to facilitate breeding of species whose worldwide populations are at an alarming low. In 2002, for example, the IUCN reported only 10 West African Black Rhinos in Cameron, Africa necessitating the creation of breeding centers to aid in repopulation efforts for a creature that is on the brink of permanently dying out.
If ecology conservation is not given its due importance, the numbers of threatened species could continue to rise in the next few years. Today, the IUCN reports that human activities have been responsible for the extinction of two-thirds of all mammals and one-half of those that weigh at least 44 kilograms. 32% of all amphibian species are on the IUCN list, and so are 23% of all mammals and 12% of all birds. Ecology conservation is more important now than ever before as the extinction rate across all plant and animal species is calculated to be 211 times higher than natural extinction rates over the Earth’s 4 billion year history.
A greater understanding regarding the relationship of humans to the environment and the environment’s dependence on plant and animal life has to be the cornerstone of ecology conservation if it is to truly do its job of regressing extinction rates and promoting repopulation in natural settings. There has to be a concerted global effort in protecting plant and animal species by promoting intelligent and responsible use of natural resources to sustain human development. At the crux of all of these lie helpless and vulnerable plant and animal species that are completely at the mercy of human development.
It starts with out own efforts to reduce, reuse, recycle in order to minimize extraction of natural resources to feed human needs. Ecology conservation also has to deal with pollution that’s harming ecosystems, as well as efficient energy use to lower global warming risks which also have a bearing on ecological preservation. What we do counts towards protecting the environment; there is no effort too small in the fight for ecology conservation.